A description of web space hosting
As its name indicates, web hosting is a service, which entails hosting web content. There are various varieties and kinds of web hosting, depending on the goals and on the usage. Still, they all refer to hosting files, which, once hosted, are made available through the Web. A web host is in fact a web hosting service that is connected to the World Wide Web and has its own personal IP address, which enables users to access it through the World Wide Web. The web hosting server's configuration and its system resources are dependent on the form of hosting service it's going to be used for.
What are the various forms of hosting?
Based on the function, the hosting service may be:
File Web Hosting - this type of web hosting allows the clients to lodge their files on a certain web server. With the typical file hosting solution, the files that are stashed may only be accessed by the individual that's availing of the service. This hosting solution generally entails backups of personal computers , documents, private files and even other servers. This solution may also contain given limitations when it comes to the disk storage space and the root privileges. There may also be bandwidth limitations, but that depends on the actual web hosting service provider.
Warez Web Hosting - the so-called warez web hosting service is quite similar to the previous web hosting service form. In spite of that, in contrast with the file hosting solution, the warez web hosting solution is used for disseminating copyrighted materials without being given the okay to do so by the license bearer. To cut a long story short - it entails the illegal transmission of files and materials. There are a lot of ways for this to be fulfilled, but the 2 chief methods are - through plain Hypertext Transfer Protocol downloading and through P2P connections. The first way involves either a certain site, or, most often, simply a directory on a hosting server that's been made available for everyone to access it and thus download copyrighted documents free of cost. The second approach entails a peer-to-peer connection, making use of the so-called Torrent servers, via which people exchange files between each other. There are not many site hosting providers that permit that form of web hosting on their web hosting servers, mostly because of all the judicial predicaments that it presupposes. Commonly such web portals are hosted on personal dedicated web hosting servers that are registered by 3rd party corporations either in the Middle East or in Asia.
Mail Web Hosting - this solution is relevant with both shared web page hosting and dedicated web servers, based on the user's wish. If you want to set up your own personal SMTP server, then you will require either a virtual hosting server or a dedicated server that offers the access level needed to complete such an assignment. For normal e-mail hosting purposes, however, you can open a plain shared web space hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain name. This is not a solution that's widely used, since the web site hosting and the mail hosting services are being served by two different web servers, often belonging to different companies.
Web Site Hosting - the most widespread and vastly used hosting service at present. It's used for hosting web site files, whose sort depends on the OS the server is running - Linux or Windows. Different types of files require specific web server Operating Systems, otherwise they won't be exhibited appropriately on the World Wide Web. This form of web hosting may have server space and bandwidth limitations, root-level access and CPU usage limits.
Based on the mission and on the objectives, the user should pick the type of hosting server that he needs for his project, and, of course, the web hosting distributor that's going to furnish it. There are different types of web servers, based on the specs and the website hosting services that they provide. These are:
Shared Website Hosting Server - a shared web site hosting server offers a smaller quantity of resources, which, of course, is manifested in the price of the service. It can be utilized for hosting small scale and middle size websites, which do not require vast amounts of web storage space and web traffic.
Semi-Dedicated Servers Hosting - they operate on the same principle as the shared hosting servers. In spite of that, there are much less users accommodated on the same hosting server. Because of that, each of them will enjoy a greater quota of the server's resources like RAM, disk storage space, web traffic and CPU. Excellent for hosting huge sites that do not demand root access.
Virtual Private Server - the VPS web hosting servers are perfect for middle sized web sites, which do need root access to the web server's configuration files. Generally, there are a number of private virtual web server accounts sharing the same physical server. Nonetheless, each of them is autonomous from the rest and runs its own Operating System.
Dedicated Server Hosting - a fully dedicated physical machine configured and accessed by you and only you. It guarantees a great amount of resources. It also offers full root privileges, which renders it an ideal platform for any type of web portal that necessitates a site hosting service.
The only question that remains is:
Which webspace hosting firm should I select?
As already stated, there are very few hosting providers offering warez web hosting services due to legal entanglements. Such web hosts are being closed down practically every month. Because of that, if you desire to start such a service, you should do it on your own computer. The shared web hosting solution is the most popular type of web hosting service. Therefore, each web site hosting supplier provides it. Not all of them, however, offer solutions such as VPS hosting servers, semi-dedicated servers and dedicated hosting servers. Most of the small scale web space hosting firms do not have the means required for maintaining those services. For that reason it's invariably best to opt for a bigger company that can supply its customers with all the solutions that they want. You can quickly recognize such web hosting companies by the kinds of solutions that they are offering and by the manner in which they introduce them to the clientele. For example, some hosting companies allow you to commence with a small scale website hosting plan and afterwards move to a more powerful one, if you find it obligatory to do so. This is quite convenient, because you do not have to move web portals between servers and there is no possibility of experiencing service interruptions due to all the problems that may take place. Web hosting providers such as Free Hostia are offering all types of solutions and have the required server resources and personnel to assure that their clients will not suffer any complications when changing services, which is what a top hosting corporation is actually all about.